Archive for How To’s & Guides

How To Make Sure Your WD40 Spray Can Tube Stays In Place & Never Goes Missing Again

I stuck the red tube with a little Dunlop rubber glue nozzle

I stuck the red tube into place with a little Dunlop rubber glue 

Hi there, dear friends 😀 

I use WD40 frequently at home to lubricate my auto-gate hinges, door and window hinges, padlocks, door knobs, drawer rollers, etc…but I always hate it whenever the thin red tube falls off in the middle of the spraying job and it can get difficult to stick the oily tube back into its place !  **rolling eyes**

…or whenever I need the WD40, I can’t find the tiny, red tube anywhere nearby! 

So, I tried tying the tube to the canister with a rubber band so that I don’t lose it…but over time, the rubber band would get warped and break, and the tube would drop off somewhere…again.

I also tried taping the tube, but because the tube gets oily over time, it wouldn’t stay glued …and off it goes missing…… again! 

..and then there are those times when the spray can tube was bent awkwardly into some little nook and cranny to lubricate some hard to reach areas…the tube fell off and I couldn’t retrieve it! Aaarrghh !!


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Inexpensive, Pretty & Easy Makeover For My Two Old GE Refrigerators

Makeover for GE Fridges (Mobile)

Hi there, dear friends 😀

Ah, I think I have finally  recuperated well and rested sufficiently from the really hectic clean-up from my minor house renovations, decluttering, frenzy preparations and feast cooking for the Chinese New Year! 😆 

Time to get down to updating my blog ….  I have a new series of health foods and drinks to share with you. These days, many people are turning to natural ways of using healing foods to improve or maintain good health, and therefore, it is good to learn really effective but yet inexpensive information for good health. 

But first, I want to show you what I did to give my two 17-year old GE (General Electric brand, imported from the US) refrigerators a pretty and retro makeover! 

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Suffusing The Universe With Loving Kindness

Good morning, dear friends 😀

This is one of my favourite musical pieces that I listen to to calm down and fill the energies in my home with loving kindness. It is a musical rendition by Imee Ooi of the Buddhist Metta (Loving Kindness) Chant, with lyrics in the Pali and English languages.

Metta chanting is the radiation of loving kindness to all beings in all directions. May they all be peaceful and happy always!

When one does this regularly, one will  :-

  • feel peaceful and relaxed
  • have anger melting away
  • feel more loving
  • feel compassionate
  • find it easier to de-stress

Enjoy 😀

With metta,

choesf 😀

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How To Make Wine Vinegar by Paul Kovi – Recipe posted by Louise

Good evening, dear friends 😀

Ah, my wonderful blogger friend, Louise, has shared this recipe  on how to make our own wine vinegar at my About page and I thought to set up a new post here so that you can have easy referral to it. I’m very sure you will be delighted to find a way of making your own vinegar. 😉

All credits of this recipe goes to Louise who has a really interesting blog called “Months of Edible Celebrations” – every day of the year, there are some fascinating festivals or themes going on and Louise has certainly put in a lot of research, thought and heart into writing those articles.

Thank you very much, dear Louise, for sharing this recipe with us! I know I will enjoy making the vinegar and thinking about Count Dracula and Transylvania!  😀

READ HERE for Louise’s fascinating post titled “Nibbling my way to Count Dracula’s Castle” for more recipes and information….

With best wishes,

choesf 😀


Hi choesf,

I will be posting a few recipes from the following book in the next day or so, (I haven’t decided which day yet as it is a sort of halloween themed post, Dracula included:) Anyway, the following recipe is one I will be posting. I thought you might appreciate so I am posting it here not to interfere with your regular posts. I tried to email you but it seems I either misplaced your email address or never had it. I am a bit hurried but I wanted to get it off to you before I forget. Hope you like it, Louise…

A Wine Vinegar for Autumn from Transylvanian Cuisine by Paul Kovi

Ingredients :-

  • A bunch of green grapevine tendrils
  • 2 ounces raisins or dried, pitted sour cherries or cornel
  • 1 ear of young corn
  • 2 ounces lentils
  • 3 quarts dry white wine
  • 1/4 cup honey
  • 1 or 2 pieces fresh and ripe fruit (any kind), cleaned and stemmed

Instructions :-
1. At the beginning of the summer fill a wide-mouthed glass gallon jar one fourth full with the following ingredients: green grape vine tendrils,raisins (or dried sour cherries or cornel) ear of corn, and lentils. Pour in enough wine to fill jar halfway and stir in half the honey.

2. Cover the top of the jar with cheesecloth and tie it down. The mixture will first ferment then turn cloudy before it eventually clears up.

3. When 2 weeks have elapsed, place the jar in a cool but not too cold spot. Add 1 or 2 pieces of cleaned, stemmed ripe fruit of the season to the jar and let stand.

4. At the beginning of September add enough wine to the jar to fill it. Stir in the remaining 2 tablespoons honey. Place the jar in a sunny spot again for 1 week (be sure the contents do not become too warm), then return it to a cool spot.

5. Do not move the jar until the first days of October. By this time the vinegar will have a layer of sediment on the bottom, and will be clear on top.

6. Carefully siphon off a bottle (1 quart) of the clear, ready to use vinegar and fill the jar again with the same amount of white wine.

7. If the vinegar is handled carefully (not moved or shaken), it will not spoil. This procedure of draining off the clear vinegar should be repeated again from time to time (taste it occasionally, and siphon it about every 2 to 4 weeks). Be sure to replace the removed amount with fresh wine. It produces a very good vinegar.


Using an existing vinegar base, one can prepare new vinegar from a favorite wine and some fruit (or other sugar-containing plant) in the following manner:

Fill a 2-quart wide-mouthed jar with wine (or with any kind of fruit soaked in wine), Cover the mouth of the jar with cheesecloth and tie it down, then put the jar in an evenly warm place.

The top of the wine will develope a skin after a while; stir it back into the wine by shaking the jar. Continue this process until 1/4 or 1/2 quart gelatinous wine skin forms. Transfer this gelatinous wine to a similar size jar. Fill the jar with some vinegar from the recipe above.

Let stand in cool spot. When the contents settle, slowly siphon off the top for use. Replace the removed amount with fresh wine. Be sure to siphon off new vinegar at least once every 4 weeks. Bottle the vinegar and store it in a cool place.

Note: If the wine develops a skin on top, be sure to skim it off. Wine vinegar prepared in such a manner can be used as a base for flavored vinegars as well.

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Use Your Homemade Enzyme To Clean Your Washing Machine & Rid It Of Odours & Mildew Buildup Forever !


Hi there, dear friends 😀

Two years ago, I had written about using bleach and vinegar to get clean my washing machine in the post :-

Remember to clean your washing machine monthly

However, since I started using the miracle homemade fruit enzymes (READ HERE on how to make your own enzymes at almost zero costs) for all my household cleaning purpose, my washing machine no longer has any bad smells and mildewy buildups.  Because I also use enzyme to do my laundry daily, my washing machine is going to stay odour free and clean on the inside all the time.

For those who will be cleaning their front loading washing machine for the first time using homemade enzyme, here are the instructions :-

1) unplug the washing machine

2) remove everything on and around the washing machine

3) get ready the following items :-

  • a small pail,
  • 2 old face towels or rags,
  • 2 to 4 cups of enzyme,
  • scrub brush with a long handle,
  • a roll of paper kitchen towels,
  • a spray bottle filled with enzyme (use full concentration for tough cleaning, diluted with some water for milder jobs)

4) remove the detergent drawer. To remove caked mould and dirt effectively, soak it in some concentrated enzyme for the moment.

5) spray inside the area which holds the detergent drawer with undiluted enzyme

6) use a few pieces of paper kitchen towels to wipe off the yucky mess in the folds of the rubber ring at the door opening.  Remove as much of the dirt as you can

7) dilute one cup of enzyme with 5 cups of water in  the pail

8 ) wet the rag in the diluted enzyme and rub it all around the folds of the rubber ring. Rinse cloth and repeat again until as clean as possible.  Pour away the pail  of water that is now dirty

9) prepare another batch of cleaning solution in the pail, i.e. 1  cup of enzyme with 5 cups of water

10) wet another piece of rag in pail of  diluted enzyme and wipe all the other surfaces of the washing machine, i.e. door, knobs, sides, top, etc…

11) use the long-handled brush to scrub at the area that holds the detergent drawer. If possible, do like I did – use a hose to spray some water at the same time you brush away the caked dirt there. If not, then just spray more enzyme or water while you remove the dirt. Flush or spray with water until that area is as clean as possible.

12) for the detergent drawer that has been soaking in the enzyme, use a brush to scrub away the grime there. If need be, use an old toothbrush to get at those hard to reach area. Rinse clean and put back the drawer back into the washing machine.

13) the final step of cleaning your washing machine is to put in 2 cups of enzyme into the detergent drawer, plug back in your washing machine and put it through a normal wash cycle (without any dirty laundry) with a temperature of 37 degrees Celcius or 98 degrees Fahrenheit. The enzymes work best at this temperature. 💡

There you have it…your washing machine is now clean on the inside and the outside and even the water pipe outlets should be cleaned by the enzyme….and most important of all, there is no more smells and fungus and  mildew there! 😀

How to get your laundry really clean and good smelling ?

Answer :- Just add in a quarter cup of enzyme to the detergent! 💡

I noticed that when enzyme is used together with laundry detergent, my laundry no longer smells funny. Even the fragrance of the fabric softener is enhanced. Somehow, the enzyme helps to remove the bacteria in the laundry – a good confirmation this is my laundry no longers smells mildewy even when we have no sun and it has been raining for 2 days. Previously, in this kind of environment, my clothes will smell a bit mouldy and I would have to re-wash them again.  🙄

For really dirty laundry, just soak it overnight in your washing machine (remember to add in 1/4 cup of enzyme), and continue the wash first thing the next morning! Voila! My towels are so white and fresh smelling these days! 😀

Hope you can try the enzyme out yourselves to see how it will work for you. I bet you will be happy with your washing machine and doing laundry from now onwards!

With best wishes,

choesf 😀

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Easy Homemade Dragon Fruit Health Enzyme For Drinking & My Review Of This Enzyme

Picture 046 (Small)
Two bottles of Dragon Fruit Enzymes and a bowl of Dragon Fruit “Jam”

Picture 047 (Small)

A small cup consisting of 2 to 3 tablespoons of Dragon Fruit Enzyme, mixed with water.

To be had first thing in the morning, on an empty stomach for better absorption.

(Please read the comments below for feedback on my family’s health after we started drinking this)


Good evening, dear friends 😀

Ah, finally…. I am posting my recipe for making enzymes for drinking. All thanks go to my blog visitor, Jessica, who so graciously shared with me her recipe for making drinking enzymes at Comment # 14 at my cleaning enzyme post HERE .

I did some reading over the Internet to find out more on drinking enzymes .

Some links with good information, recipes and tips on fruit enzymes :-

1) here,  from e-How

2) here, from Leah’s Cafe

3) here, from Penang-Island

4) here, from Cooking Momster – this site has some background on a Chinese recipe for fruit enzymes using “San Cha” used to make Haw Flakes. There are some interesting recipes there as well as the benefits of the various fruit enzymes. 😉

Different sites have different information on the recipes – like how much fruit in proportion to sugar/honey, when to shake the enzyme during fermentation, how long to wait before harvesting enzyme (period ranges from 2 weeks to 6 months), and how to take the fruit enzyme for health.  So, I would suggest that you gather as much information as you like on the Internet before you start making your own enzymes.

In general, it was reported that drinking fruit enzymes improves our vitality, ensures regularity in our bowel system, aids in digestion and enhances body absorption of nutrtients.

Initially, I was going to buy a large glass jar to prepare the enzyme in, but at the last minute, I decided that I would just use the inner pot of my slow cooker  – the reason being, I didn’t know how much of liquid enzyme would be yielded and I wanted to get the size of the jar right. 💡

Picture 031 (Small)I had used my crockpot to prepare the enzyme. My fruits all layered with the last topping being lemon and sugar. After that, I poured in 1 cup of apple cider and 1 cup of Australian honey

Picture 044 (Small)

I covered my crockpot with the glass lid and a piece of aluminium to keep out the light. Beside it is a new glass jar that I had bought to prepare more Fruit Enzyme the next time.

Some tips to share with you :-

  1. make sure that the fruits, chopping board and knives are completely dry as even a drop of water can spoil the enzyme. I washed them thoroughly and left them to dry overnight. But, if you are rushed for time or you find that your items are not 100% dry, do like what Jessica does – she uses a hairdryer! 😉
  2. as you cut your fruits, it is best to place them straight in the jar – this is to ensure that the fruits are not contaminated or exposed to fruit flies
  3. you have to use a glass jar for safety reasons because we are going to drink this enzyme.  If plastic bottles are used instead, it is feared that the fermentation process may leech out some unhealthy stuff used to make the plastic bottles
  4. the fruit enzyme needs a dark, cool place to ferment. You can also wrap a piece of aluminium foil or an old t-shirt or cloth around the glass jar
  5. shake or stir the fruits often to prevent build-up of a whitish mould at the surface. Don’t worry, the mould is safe and is a sign that fermentation is well underway.
  6. if black spots or black moulds are seen, it would mean that the fruit enzyme is contaminated. Some people recommended that the black moulds be scooped out and the fruits left to ferment further. For me, I would prefer to throw the whole batch away and start a new one, for fear of food poisoning  from the contamination.
  7. upon harvest, pour the liquid enzyme into old, clean wine bottles. The leftover fruit can be used as jams, or it can be fermented further to be used as a facial wash or plant fertiliser. I gave half of my fermented fruit to a friend, and the other one is kept in the fridge to eat as a jam with my toasts.

Picture 032 (Small)

This is my one day old Fruit Enzyme

Because 2 of my dragon fruits were over-ripe and there were some worms inside (I am terrified of worms 😯 ), I had a paranoia that my other fruits may have eggs that will turn into worms! 😆 So, I decided at the last step of the preparation to add 1 cup of apple cider (I thought that should kill anything inside and of course, I had thrown away the worm infested fruits!) and for added fragrance and to cut down the sugar level, I replaced one cup of sugar with Australian honey. 💡

I had read that the apple cider will speed up the fermentation process, and that was also another reason that I added the apple cider.

Picture 034This is after a week – there is more liquid produced and there is some white bubbles on the surface – a sign of fermentation in progress

Picture 045 (Small)

My Dragon Fruit Enzyme ready to be harvested – 2 weeks after preparation 😀

My Dragon Fruit Recipe

3 kilos or 6 1/2 pounds of Pink Dragon Fruit

8 lemons

1 kilo or 1 3/4 pounds slabs of brown sugar (or loose brown sugar)

1 cup apple cider

1 cup honey



Remove skins and cut to slices about 1 cm or 1/2 inch thick

Arrange dragon fruit starting at the bottom, alternating with slices of lemon and sugar

The last layer at the top must be sugar

Pour apple cider and honey over everything

Cover and keep for 2 weeks, shaking gently the contents in the first few days, and stirring thereafter occasionally


The fruit enzyme was harvested exactly 2 weeks after preparation and there was just enough to fill 2 wine bottles. Half a bottle was consumed immediately for a few days, while the rest will be left for a further duration until 4 to 6 months, with a taste test at every 2 weeks.

In a few days, my enzyme will be exactly 1 month old, and I will see how the taste goes.  A website had mentioned that the ph of the enzyme improves over time, especially after 4 months. I’m not sure exactly what that meant and I just assume that the enzyme will not be so acidic after a longer period. I guess it is like wine, which tastes better over time! 😆

Also, new enzymes are more alcoholic in nature and some websites do not recommend that the enzyme be consumed at this stage because the alcohol is not good on the liver. My opinion is the new enzyme should be fine for consumption as we are not drinking large amounts of it enough to damage our liver. We are just having 2 to 3 tablespoons a day as a tonic for our health. 😉

The 2-week old fruit enzyme tasted like a mild apple cider mixed with alcohol, with a hint of apple cider and honey. My children hated the taste of it and I had to tell them to pretend that it was Ribena! Anyway, they never liked apple cider either! 😆

It is best to drink the enzyme first thing in the morning on an empty stomach, rest for half an hour before taking breakfast. I mixed the enzyme with  2 times its amount of room temperature water. For me and my second daughter, the dragon fruit enzyme tasted absolutely delicious – like a fruity wine! It didn’t smell bad or rotten at all as I had thought it to be.

The period that we consumed the dragon fruit enzyme (5 days all in) was too short to notice any significant improvement in our vitality and health. But all of us reported easier and better bowel movements, as if the enzyme is removing toxins faster from our bodies. Another reason why I stopped drinking the enzymes after 5 days was because I developed a mild food poisoning from eating some bad curry at a mamak shop. My husband and second daughter continued to take until 1 week and they didn’t report and adverse side effects in their health.

In summary, I would definitely recommend to everyone that they should try to make some fruit enzymes to drink. I think the enzymes will do more good than harm. I have seen some stalls at the TTDI pasar (markets) selling the homemade dragon fruit enzyme for RM39 (USD10) for a 750ml bottle. My cost was only half of that and by making my own enzyme, I can be sure that I use good quality fruits and there is hygiene in preparing them.

My next post will be how to make our own rice enzyme for washing dishes. A friend gave me a bottle to try and it is really effective in cutting grease!

Do have a lovely week ahead!

With best wishes for good health,

choesf 😀

Comments (142) »

Recipe For Homemade Citrus Enzyme Cleaner – Natural, Really Cheap (Almost Free) & Effective !

homemade-citrus-enzyme-cleaner-005-smallMy newly prepared eco enzyme cleaner made from lemon and orange peels (you can use any fruit peel or pulp as well. Pineapples yield the best cleaning enzymes!)

(Please READ HERE for my review and good feedback from visitors and myself of this wonderful enzyme 😉 )

(READ HERE on how to make Dragon Fruit Enzyme to drink for health)


Good afternoon, dear friends 😀

Heheh, for quite a while, I was suffering from a writer’s block – there was so much to tell you but every time I select the “New Post” option here, I ended up just staring at the blank page and no words came out…my mind felt like it was stuck in quicksand! 😳

Anyway, I would say that the Earth Hour campaign carried out here in Malaysia a few weeks ago was a great success – environmental awareness has increased and there were many good articles in the local newspapers promoting environmental friendly programmes and articles.

One of them that caught my eye was the recipe or method for making our own enzymes using fruit and vegetable scraps or leftovers from the kitchen. These enzymes are really good and effective as a multi-purpose cleaner.

I have been using a fruit and enzyme based floor cleaner to mop my floors for the last 13 years but I bought the floorwash from a chemical engineer who made this environmental friendly floorwash for sale.  After mopping the floor, I would pour the water into my pots of plants, which would bloom beautifully….i.e. the floorwash doubled as a plant fertiliser, too. 😉

Last year, a friend told me the “recipe” for making our own ezymatic cleaner…but I didn’t really try making some until I read about it in the newspapers last month. It was actually called “The Garbage Enzyme” but I thought the word “garbage” sounds kind of yucky and decided to modify things a bit and made my own Citrus Enzyme, consisting of lemon and orange leftovers.

Some wonderful uses recommended for this non-toxic, environmental friendly enzyme (dilute enzyme with some water, use more if you prefer a stronger concentration) –

1) do dishes and laundry (use 1/4 cup of enzyme). For dishes – add a squirt or two of dish detergent to create suds for better cleaning.

2) for washing bathrooms and toilets. grime comes off easily (1 part enzyme to 10 parts water). Be sure to add a good squirt or two of dish detergent because the suds produced will make it even easier to clean the scum on the walls and floor.

3) for removing stubborn stains and odours (coloured fabrics and floors) (use undiluted) and leave on for some time (it depends on how bad the stain is)….this is very good for removed accidental bloodstains (in panties)

4) to clean vegetables and fruits (1 part enzyme to 10 parts water) for first rinse. Thereafter, rinse in a bowl clean water twice. Vegetables and fruits will be very clean.

5) clear blockages in kitchen sinks and drains (use concentrated or blended pulp/sludge of enzyme)…pour into sink and leave overnight.

6) as a natural insect repellent (use undiluted) for ants, cockroaches.. (pouring some enzyme into sink/bath/shower stall drainage holes will deter cockroaches). My home is now cockroach and ant free! If the enzymes fail to deter ants and cockroaches, try using undiluted apple cider vinegar. That will work for sure but it will cost money. :idea:

7) as a floorwash to mop floors shiny clean (1 part enzyme to 20 parts water) or 1/4 cup of enzyme to half a pail of water

8 ) as fertiliser for vegetables, flowering and non-flowering plants (use 1 part enzyme to 20 parts water, or use the leftover mop water). For use as fertilizers, you must use as little enzyme as possible so that the plants don’t die.

9) as a skincare product, e.g. facial cleanser or toner (1 part enzyme to 2 parts water)

10) wash cars – cars will look as if they have just been polished! (1 part enzyme to 20 parts water). If the car is really dirty, I use 1 part enzyme to 5 parts water.

11) pet areas or pet accidents – for urine, wipe off all urine on floor with paper kitchen towels. Then pour 1/4 cup of undiluted enzyme onto that part of the floor. Use a paper kitchen towel to smear enzyme over a larger area. Then wipe dry with more kitchen towels. Pour 1/4 cup of water onto floor and wipe dry with paper kitchen towels or a mop. The floor should be clean by then.

12) remove warts and age spots on neck and shoulders – use undiluted enzyme on those areas and leave on for 10 minutes every day during shower. You will notice the spots lightening up. Note – this feedback was provided by a follower here :idea: – I have not tried this yet. :oops:

13) to clean glass and mirrors – use 1 part enzyme to 3 parts water and pour into a spray bottle. Spray onto glass and wipe dry with a cotton cloth, paper kitchen towels, or old newspapers. This solution cleans glass even better than those commercial window cleaners!

Currently, most people that I  know are making this enzyme at home and many have confirmed its wonderful uses. Even my regular air-condition service/repair man said his wife has been using this homemade enzyme to wash her face and she has given it a name – SK3 ! 😆

I made a small batch of enzyme to try it out for myself, and I have posted a pictorial recipe below. I  only used 10 % of the total ingredients required because I was impatient to get the enzyme started and I didn’t have a large enough plastic container. Anyway, the curiousity got the better of me and I didn’t want to go through waiting over a few weeks to accumulate the 3 kg of vegetable and fruit scraps from my kitchen. 😆

Citrus Enzyme Based Multipurpose Cleaner

To begin, you need a plastic container with an airtight cover. Here, I have used an old 2-litre fruit juice bottle. The enzyme takes 3 months to “ferment” and be ready for use.

Ingredients :-


100 gms of brown sugar



300 gms of lemon and orange scraps (these were leftover after I had juiced them)



1 litre tap water



Use a funnel to pour sugar into the bottle. Drop in the fruit slices. Pour in the water.



Cover the bottle and date it, so that you will know when the enzyme is ready to use , i.e. 3  months later on


homemade-citrus-enzyme-cleaner-006-small Give the ingredients in the bottle a good shake to mix them thoroughly. Everyday, for the first month, open the cover to let out the oxygen build-up from the fermentation process. On some days, you will see the bottle swelling up in size.

Added on 27 August, 2010

Since I last posted this, I had modified the method of avoiding (based on comments by visitors here)  extreme gas build-ups leading to explosions by leaving the bottle cap loosely fastened (about halfway tightened ? ) – this will allow some gas to come out at all times and there won’t be any buildup of gas 💡



The above picture is my bottle of enzyme that is now almost 1 month old. To read more about this amazing enzyme cleaner from my local newspaper,  CLICK HERE

Added on 27 August, 2010 –

If you see any whitish stuff growing on top of the liquid, just tighten the bottle cover, and give the contents a good, gentle shake and the whitish stuff will be mixed into the liquid. Then loosen the bottle cap again to allow gas to escape.  💡

Have fun using your homemade enzyme! 😀

With best wishes,

choesf 😀

Comments (595) »


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